A counterargument is simply a perspective that refutes your main argument for those of you unfamiliar with the term. In other words, if you’re arguing that technology does more good than damage, the counterargument is technology does more harm than good.
Before we have a look at an example, you will find two things I’d want to mention: first, we cannot stress essential transitions come in composing effective counterarguments. Without them, your audience has not a way of after your train of idea and can find it difficult – if you don’t impossible – to tell apart between which a few ideas you accept and which tips you disagree with.
Another key factor of good counterarguments may be the concession – that is, the acknowledgement that some components of the argument that is opposing legitimate. This is basically the many unknown part of counterarguments for all students – is not the complete point of a counterargument to “disprove” the argument that is opposing?
Fundamentally, yes, the target is to show why your argument wins down. Having said that, the purpose of a concession would be to illustrate that you’ve seriously considered a concern very carefully, in a nuanced means instead compared to simple black/white, good/bad terms. When presented obviously, this sort of consideration really strengthens your argument.
You need to use this basic template to produce a counterargument:
Relating to attitude x, _______________________. On one side,
-it holds true that _______________________.
-this claim has some merit because _______________________.
-the declare that _______________________ has some credibility.
On the other side hand,
-this viewpoint doesn’t give consideration to that _______________________.
-this claim overlooks the fact that _______________________.
Let’s observe how this might play away in an example paragraph that runs on the example that is personal, those continue to be fine). It does not utilize the template exactly, however it’s pretty close.
Once more, we’re planning to make use of the sample prompt released by the ACT. For the intended purpose of this workout, we’re only planning to glance at one of several views; wanting to make use of significantly more than that might be too confusing. In customwritings reality, you ought to generally avoid integrating a lot more than one outside perspective per paragraph, until you are a stellar author who’s currently more comfortable with this kind of back-and-forth.
(Abridged) prompt: Automation is generally speaking seen as a indication of progress, but exactly what is lost once we exchange people with devices? Provided the accelerating variety and existence of smart devices, it’s well well well worth examining the implications and definitions of the existence inside our everyday lives.
Perspective 1: that which we lose aided by the replacement of individuals with devices is some element of our mankind. Even our mundane encounters no longer require from us respect, courtesy, and threshold for any other individuals.
Thesis: Technology must be viewed as a force once and for all since it produces brand new possibilities for individuals also a more society that is prosperous.
1) Topic sentence: introduce your argument (1 phrase)
In the last few decades, brand brand new types of technology have developed means for individuals talk to one another more efficiently than previously.
2) Elaborate on your own argument, and offer an example that is specific sentences)
From Skype to iphones apps to Twitter, technology erases boundaries, enabling us to speak with individuals halfway all over the world just as if they certainly were within the room that is next. We have physically benefitted extremely from all of these technologies: my children immigrated towards the united states of america from Asia whenever I ended up being 6 years of age, and in the last ten years, collecting round the computer to talk to my grand-parents and my aunt in Beijing is a ritual that is weekly. Although i’m sorry that individuals not live across the street for them, even as we did once I had been little, i will be however grateful to help you to see their faces and keep them updated in the information on my day to day life – something which could be impossible without “smart” machines.
3) Introduce outside perspective: 1-2 sentences
Perhaps not every person can be so thinking about the consequences of the latest technologies, nonetheless. Attitude 1 provides a complaint that is typical specifically that the replacement of men and women with devices “causes us to reduce some section of our mankind.”
4) Acknowledge that the perspective is not completely incorrect, and explain why (2-3 sentences)
On one side, this problem comes with some merit. Walking down the street or sitting regarding the subway, i will be usually struck because of the sheer amount of people staring glassy-eyed within their phones. Often they are incredibly busy texting which they almost bump into other people, demonstrating an obvious insufficient courtesy and threshold (notice just exactly exactly how this declaration weaves the standpoint obviously in to the writer’s argument) .
5) change back once again to your argument and reaffirm it sentences that are(3-4
Having said that, however, some great benefits of technology far outweigh an intermittent sidewalk that is unpleasant – at minimum from my perspeective. As opposed to isolate me personally through the world (notice just just how this declaration indirectly refutes the counterargument) , “smart” technology has offered mainly to facilitate my relationships with others, to not ever replace them.
How exactly to compose the brand new ACT essay, pt. 2: launching and discussing supporting viewpoints
After supplying a synopsis of this brand brand new ACT essay plus some feasible methods to it within my previous post , I would like to now talk about one specific – and extremely important – skill taking part in composing it: integrating other perspectives to your very own argument for help.
You probably have some experience integrating the ideas of people you agree with into your writing if you’ve ever written a research paper. ( if you have actuallyn’t, you’ll get an introduction to doing this in this article.) Having said that, we realize that most schools that are high maybe perhaps not clearly show pupils to weave supporting quotations, tips, etc. fluidly within their writing. The quotes is there, but they’re often integrated awkwardly to the bigger argument.
Frequently, students assume because they seem so self-explanatory that they do not really need to spend time introducing or explaining their quotes. They’re here to guide the argument, and in the event that argument is obvious, then your point for the quotation is obvious…right? Well, not at all times.
The problem is the fact that writing that is analytical even more explanation than may appear necessary. In general, individuals talk about subjects with that they are familiar. They are often unaware of the gaps in other people’s understanding because they know a lot of about their topics. As being outcome, it merely will not happen to them exactly exactly how explicit they have to be, in addition they wind up unintentionally making away information this is certainly required to understanding their way of thinking.
You must take your reader by the hand, so to speak, and lead them through each step of your thinking process so that they do not get lost when you explain an idea – any idea – in writing. Launching other people’s terms or tips in a way that produces clear the partnership in the middle of your argument and theirs is really a key element of that procedure. Otherwise, it is as you’ve skipped ahead a steps that are few making your reader to end and attempt come up with the pieces. If there’s one thing you don’t want to do to your audience, it’s make your thinking difficult to follow. That applies to school, the ACT, and just about every other writing you may do for the following sixty or seventy years.
Again, we’re going to make use of the sample prompt released because of the ACT.
(Abridged) prompt: Automation is typically thought to be a indication of progress, but just what is lost once we exchange people with devices? Because of the accelerating variety and existence of intelligent machines, it really is well worth examining the implications and definitions of these existence inside our everyday lives.
Attitude 1: that which we lose utilizing the replacement of men and women with devices is some element of our mankind. Also our mundane encounters no longer require from us respect, courtesy, and threshold for others.
Perspective 2: devices are good at low ability, repeated, jobs, as well as high rate, exceedingly exact jobs. Both in full instances, they’ve been much better than humans. This effectiveness contributes to a far more successful and world that is progressive everybody.
Perspective 3: smart devices challenge our longstanding concept of exactly what people are and that can be. This will be good as it pushes people and devices toward new possibilities.